Escallonia [genus] (1,296)
E. myrtilloides (412)
E. resinosa (274)
E. rubra (245)



Escallonia [genus] Mutis ex L.f. ESCALLONIACEAE

Common names: Escallonia (Hortus)

S Am., mostly Andes; 39 spp. Evergreen shrubs or small trees. Lvs. alt. or whorled, sessile or short-petioled, simple, entire or serrate, often resinous-dotted and glandular. Fls. white, rose-red or intermediate, sometimes fragrant, mostly in terminal racemes or panicles, sepals, petals and stamens 5, calyx tube united with ovary, petals sometimes with claws united. Fruit a many-seeded capsule. Cult. plants hybridize readily. Sometimes trained as vines and on pillars. In CA bloom fall & early winter. Included in Saxifragaceae (Hortus Third 1976:447) S Am.; 50-60 spp. Aromatic, viscid shrubs and small trees. Lvs. mostly glandular-toothed. Corolla funnel-shaped, 5-lobed. Many garden vars. Included in Grossulariaceae (Griffiths 1994:437) In Escalloniaceae (Willis 1973:435) Escalloniaceae is an ill-defined woody group of Saxifragaceous affinity (Willis 1973:435) In Escalloniaceae (Brummitt 1992:165) Widely cult., often hybrids. In Grossulariaceae, which has been recognized as representing up to 8 families, most spp. in Escalloniaceae (Mabberley 1998:267)


ESCALLONIACEAE Escallonia myrtilloides

Escallonia myrtilloides L.f. ESCALLONIACEAE

Common names: Chachacoma (von Reis)

Range not given. MacBride 1923, in Peru: it has a citrus aroma. Camp 1945: in Ecuador the wood is used to make the native spoons, because ‘it is smooth on the lips’ (von Reis and Lipp 1982:94). Valid species (GRIN 2006)


ESCALLONIACEAE Escallonia resinosa

Escallonia resinosa (R. & P.) Pers. ESCALLONIACEAE

Range not given. In Peru a dye-plant. Red heartwood yields a crimson-violet dye (Antúnez de Mayolo 1989:181) Valid species (GRIN 2006)


ESCALLONIACEAE Escallonia rubra

Escallonia rubra (Ruiz & Pavón) Pers. ESCALLONIACEAE

Chile. Variable sp. In SW England & Ireland used for hedges. (Mabberley 1998:267) Valid species (GRIN 2006)



Antúnez de Mayolo, K. K. 1989. Peruvian Natural Dye Plants. Economic Botany 43(2):181-191.
Brummitt, R. 1992. Vascular Plant Families and Genera. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, U.K.
Griffiths, M. 1994. Index of Garden Plants. Royal Horticultural Society, London U.K.
GRIN. 2006. USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. (21 August 2006).
Hortus Third. 1976. Hortus Third: A Concise Dictionary of Plants Cultivated in the United States and Canada. Macmillan Publishing Co., Inc., New York NY.
Mabberley, D. 1998. The Plant-Book., 2nd edition. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, Gt. Britain.
von Reis, S. and F. J. Lipp, Jr. 1982. New Plant Sources for Drugs and Foods from the New York Botanical Garden Herbarium. Harvard University Press, Cambridge MA.
Willis, J. 1973. A Dictionary of the Flowering Plants and Ferns., 8th ed. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, U.K.